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Top 5 Career Options in Law

For long, a study of law has been associated with a career in the courtroom. Representation in popular culture hasn’t helped much to debunk this myth: (mostly) men clad in black robes aggressively pontificating to a rather mute judge is the vision and understanding one has developed of the legal profession. However, in today’s age, the study of law opens many doors which are not just in the courtroom.

The quest for entry into a law school from the point of view of an immediate lucrative career opportunity is relatively new. Until not so long ago, students graduating from schools across the country were restricted to very traditional choices in higher education: either engineering or medicine, if immediate post-college monetary gratification was their motivation. However, the effects of the increasing rate of globalization and the entry of foreign players into the Indian market were seen in the legal profession too. So much so that as of today, students (and more so, their parents!) view education in law as a viable means to a well-paying job upon graduation.

Having said that, let’s look at some career opportunities that become available to you upon completion of a law school education.

1. A career in Corporate Law

This is one of the most attractive opportunities available to a young law graduate fresh from law school. It is attractive because it is lucrative, offering high-pay packages immediately upon graduation. This involves both, a law firm profession as well as an in-house legal counsel at a corporate.

Corporate law encompasses various fields – Capital Markets & Securities, Banking & Finance, General Corporate, Mergers & Acquisitions, among others. You need to be well-versed with statutory regulations governing one or many of the above-mentioned fields, but you tend to specialize in one of these. You work with a team of lawyers in a particular field and deadlines assume special importance. The interest of the client is paramount, and the work is heavily oriented and informed by the instructions of the client.

As opposed to popular belief, there are avenues of litigation in this field also. Some teams work on Corporate Litigation, Arbitration, and Insolvency proceedings, to name a few.

2. Academics & Research

The advantage (or disadvantage for some!) of studying law is that you read a lot! This prepares you for a lifetime of reading, studying, and analyzing. An efficient way of channelizing this is to make this habit of reading a profession. And that’s where a career as an academic comes into the picture.

An academic is not always a teacher. Based on what area of law, or any interdisciplinary approach to the law you’re interested in, there are various spaces where you can pursue a career in research. This involves research positions in universities (both in India and abroad), think tanks, and policy organizations. Everyone wants someone with an in-depth understanding of legal provisions and issues and that is where an academic’s prowess is unmatched.

3. Judicial Services

If you think the law is a calling for life, then this is a bus you need to board. This is a secure governmental job with all the trappings of a bungalow, car, and other associated perks. If you’re the one who has always imagined the comforts of a government job, then this is the place to be.

The entry into this profession is by way of a judiciary exam which is conducted by every State, under the supervision of the respective High Court. You can appear for this examination fresh out of law school or even in the final year of law school. If you’re successful in this examination, then you become a member of the subordinate judiciary, i.e., you’d occupy the post of a presiding officer of a smaller court, right up to the District Court.

However, one can also appear for a judiciary examination after a few years of practice, usually seven. This one is for the higher judiciary, and upon qualification, one is immediately appointed as an additional district judge.

4. Civil Services

Appearing for the UPSC examination is also a very popular choice among law graduates. Having been subject to a rigorous academic schedule for five years prepares you well for another formidable examination, which is the UPSC examination. A study of law in law school does not only make you well-versed with the law but also subjects like history, political science, sociology, and economics, to name a few. All these subjects are often tested in the UPSC paper as well. Moreover, since the law is such an interdisciplinary area of study, your understanding of issues tends to become very well-informed, which is an important skill from the point of view of this examination as well.

5. Litigation

Then, of course, we have the good old courtroom.

A career in litigation, in today’s time, has been radically transformed. Although the adversarial nature of the profession in the courtroom subsists and is a major feature of the same, there are other avenues also. Traditionally, you would join a senior advocate (or an advocate with some years of practice) as a junior in her chambers. You would assist the concerned advocate with research, drafting, briefing, and filing. Earlier, the practice was very individual-centric but now there are dedicated litigation firms, similar to corporate law firms. Till some time ago, one of the major concerns of law graduates who wanted to pursue this line was that this does not pay as well. However, with the establishment of such firms, the salary offered by them are comparable to some law firms.

Another route that a prospective litigator takes is going independent. If you are so motivated and resourceful, you can open your independent practice after having worked with someone for a few years. You can build on the clientele and the goodwill established through years of practice. And with a few more years of practice, the concern of not being so well-paid is also addressed. Lawyers, with a name and a robust practice, are always in demand.

The legal profession has existed for centuries. That is primarily because people have existed for centuries. As long as there are people, there are conflicts. And as long as there are conflicts, a lawyer’s expertise is never out of fashion!

Choice of Law School: Top 3 Criteria

The motivation to study in a particular law school is shaped by various factors. For some, proximity to home is important while some want to be as far away as possible! Some are eager to know about the sports facilities at a law school while some are more interested in the robust collection of the library. And almost everyone is interested in “How good is the food!?”. These inquiries, relevant nevertheless, are not the subject of this post. We shall try and identify the top three criteria for your choice of law school. A disclaimer, though: the criteria mentioned below are in no particular order, as, for some, one criterion may be more important than the other.

1. The Alumni

An important factor to keep in mind before filling in that preference form is how well the students graduating from a particular law school fare. Not just in terms of where they post their law school life, but also what they are up to. This assumes importance because it helps you realize the kind of opportunities available to you after completing a legal education. Different law schools offer different opportunities to their students and it is interesting to understand how those opportunities were utilized by them. Getting in touch with the alumni from a particular law school will also give you an insight into the life at a law school. This should help you in arriving at a well-rounded answer to the ever-troubling question of “Where should I go?”

2. Where is it?

If we are to remove from consideration the top four to five law schools in the country, the location of the law school assumes significant importance. In the recent past, there has been a sudden spike in the number of national law universities in the country. Almost every state has one now, and some even have three. But what does that mean for you, as a prospective law school student?

Some people want to be close to the city, for a variety of reasons. Although a university makes all attempts to provide you with all amenities that you require on a day-to-day basis, sometimes you do have to make trips to the city. Now, that is not always for leisure or fun. Being close to the city also gives you access to a lot of resources that add up to your professional oeuvre. Depending on where your interest (professionally speaking) lies, you can gain access to opportunities that may be metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, or Bangalore (to name a few) have to offer more than any other city. The choice of location is an extremely subjective exercise but if one has an understanding of what one wants to do, choosing a particular city over the other turns into an advantage.

3. The law school environment

A criterion that people often overlook is this one. While it is important to make it to a good law school, it is also important to be in a space where one’s life is not a living hell. And by that, it is meant that you need to make sure that the practices at a law school also adhere to the letter and spirit of the law.

Some concerns that one needs to take into consideration are whether the law school in question has an anti-ragging policy, what is the history of the law school in dealing with reported cases of discrimination (both amongst students and faculty/administration), and whether the law school has an open environment or at least some avenues where important socio-legal issues are discussed and debated, to name a few.

At the end of the day, a law school is a place where you will be spending five crucial years of your life. Your understanding will be shaped, re-shaped, shattered, and re-built, if you step in with an open mind. So, it becomes important that you choose a place that will give you the opportunities to do so. And how do you get to know this even before you enter law school? Discussion. Get in touch with people you know who have graduated from law school, and ask them these questions. After all, it’s a question of where you want to shape the next five years of your life.

Things You Must Know Before Starting CLAT Preparation

Take it from a person who has cracked law entrance exams himself, and has seen several of his students crack it with his help/ influence: no matter how smart you are, unguided and unfocused preparation will almost always result in a bad result. Preparation needs to be smart and focused; not necessarily long and hard.

What are some ways in which you or your ward can effectively prepare for entrance exams that open the way to a career in law? This article, hopefully, will be of help in setting you on your way:


India has two kinds of undergraduate law courses – 5-year and 3-year LL.B. courses. The latter is conducted at traditional universities like Delhi University, Punjab University, Mumbai University, etc. One can opt for these courses after completing graduation.

The 5-year courses, which are available to students right after Class 12 and are the focus of this post, are conducted by several colleges, the most prominent of which are National Law Universities (NLUs). Some of the most prestigious NLUs are NLSIU (Bangalore), NALSAR (Hyderabad), NLU Delhi, NUJS (Kolkata), NLU Jodhpur, GNLU (Gandhinagar), etc. These are all state-run Universities. There are also some private colleges that are held in high regard, such as JGLS (Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat), ILS (Indian Law Society’s Law College, Pune), and SLS (Symbiosis Law School – Pune and Noida), etc. Other colleges like USLLS, IP University, School of Law, Bennett University, Institute of Law(Nirma University), School of Law, Christ University, etc. are also considered good.


Most law school rankings published on the internet are based merely on perception, and not based on ground realities. Those in the legal fraternity would tell you that even the NIRF rankings, which are conducted systematically by the State, may not be a true indicator of a law school’s quality. This gives rise to the all-important question: how should one choose a law school for herself?

The answer lies in interacting with graduates from these law schools, and with people working in the legal industry (which includes not just litigation but also corporate law firms, in-house general counsel teams, academics, etc.) How to find and interact with such people? The author can’t say other ways, but joining CLAT Possible, where graduates from several NLUs are involved in teaching, and several others can be and are called for seminars/webinars, can be a great first step in that direction.


NLUs have two entrance examinations: CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) and AILET (All India Law Entrance Test). CLAT is the entrance examination for all National Law Universities except NLU Delhi, which organizes its own entrance examination: AILET.

There are also some state-wide examinations, such as the MHT-CET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test). Private colleges often conduct their examinations, such as the LSAT (for JGLS, Bennett Coleman University, etc.), and the SLAT (for the Symbiosis law schools).

On a broad level, the pattern for these examinations is similar: the exam covers GK (both static GK and current affairs), logical reasoning, basic mathematics (or quantitative aptitude), and some legal reasoning. The subjects are of a nature that if properly equipped, even a class 8 student can (mock) write these examinations and do well in them. A prepared Class 12 student can definitely do well in them.


That’s a big nope. I’m myself from the science stream and had computer science as my fifth subject. My class at NLU Delhi saw almost equal representation from each stream – science, commerce, and humanities with a plethora of permutations and combinations of subjects taken by them in Class 12.
Law as a course is no longer considered something to be chosen by engineering and medicine rejects; it is taken as a first priority by a lot of people, and students appearing for CLAT, AILET and other examinations are increasing with every passing year.


As competing students increase, though, competition also increases. A competitive edge is essential to gain. Now, we are not making an argument that it is impossible to crack these exams without joining a coaching center (the author of the post did it himself), but joining an established coaching centre with faculty and staff as inspiring and qualified as CLAT Possible would most definitely give you or your ward a tremendous edge, which can prove to be pivotal in beating the ever-increasing competition.

Should I write the CLAT exam?

The field of higher education is no longer what it used to be a decade ago. There are more than just two supposedly lucrative career options to pursue. The career in law has regained its glory with the advent of industry and corporate lifestyle in India along with the traditional highlights of the practice of law and judiciary. The best legal education in India is imparted at the National law Universities that have carved a name for themselves by adhering to a strict syllabus, overall critical development of a student, and shaping them into a legal professional of the highest standards. To get admission to one of the 22 National Law Universities, a candidate has to write the Common law Aptitude Test (CLAT) which is an all-India entrance test conducted by the Consortium of NLUs. The competition is fierce indeed however, a focused candidate with adequate guidance should not have a problem cracking the exam. So, the question arises, should you write the CLAT exam?

To answer that question, a candidate must ask themselves a bunch of other questions and see if this is the right career path for them and if it is then how can they excel at it. Some salient points have to be kept in mind while answering that question about the CLAT exam and the legal profession.

The legal profession

The legal profession has historically been one of the most prestigious fields. Most freedom fighters and social activists have been prominent lawyers in history. In the present world, high profile cases for justice, matters that significantly impact the world, and billions of dollars of corporate deals, all of them involve a lawyer. So if a candidate wants to bring about social change, fight for justice or earn a handsome compensation working for massive conglomerates, then the legal profession opens all of these doors with a single exam, that is, the CLAT.

The CLAT exam

The CLAT exam is an aptitude test that tests a candidate’s ability to solve problems, good language skills, legal aptitude toward certain problems, and basic numeric ability. All in all, an easy exam if prepared with dedication and guidance. Even though it is an aptitude exam, it does have a syllabus that can be taught and learned by putting in a moderate number of hours of preparation. The preparation can include joining a respectable mentorship program or coaching institute for studying, attempting mock tests for practice, and other preparation that is necessary given the progress and goal.

Life at a National Law University

Once you are done with the CLAT exam and get a good rank, the doors are open to an infinite number of avenues as soon as you enter a good National Law University. However, life at a National Law University itself is an experience of a lifetime. Law school life opens you up to newer ideas, a diverse culture, acceptance of all lifestyles, (some partying), and a broad range of friendships. The classes are not like the ones you are familiar with but rather are a plethora of open-ended discussions where your thoughts matter more than a PowerPoint presentation. There are different events and competitions such as moots, ADR competitions, debates, quizzes, sports, and social work. There is something available for students to indulge in and find their interests.

Life after National Law University (Corporate/Private Practice/Judiciary/Others)

After a student graduate from a National Law University, many paths are available for them to choose and build a career accordingly.

1. Corporate: Top NLUs witness about a hundred percent campus placement into tier I law firms, top corporate houses, banks, and PSUs. The compensation offered by these corporates is above industry standards and allows a lawyer to grow and learn in that space with many students becoming a partner at those firms in a few years.

2. Law Practice: A lawyer can always start their legal practice at the Supreme Court or any subordinate courts in India. Due to the high standards of education at an NLU, the lawyers usually have better advocacy and drafting skills and with experience can reach the top of the ladder to become a Senior Advocates or be elevated to the judiciary.
Judiciary: After graduation, a student can take the lower judiciary exam and enter the judiciary services.

3. Other career paths: A lot of law students take the UPSC exam to enter civil services and NLUs have a great track record when it comes to students who have cracked the exam. A lot of other students complete their higher studies by enrolling in an LLM program at prestigious foreign universities. The NLU tag along with the teaching and personality development offers great opportunities to all students in whatever field that they might wish to pursue.

All in all, if any of the career paths appeal to you or if you would like the experience of a law school life or you think that the noble legal profession is your calling, then you should write the CLAT exam. With a determined preparation, good strategy, and mentorship, getting a good rank in the CLAT exam is not a herculean task. Once you do so, multiple opportunities are waiting for you to excel. All you have to do is write the CLAT.


Nowadays, variety and unconventional paths have become a fad. Several career options have opened up in all fields- so for instance, if a person studies engineering, there are a plethora of options and branches to choose from, or say, medicine, where everything from psychic healing to traditional medicine is a viable option.

And the law is no exception to this phenomenon. When we say non-traditional fields as a career for law graduates, we would be talking about careers other than the tried and tested litigation, corporate law firms, and in-house legal advisors. This means that just because won have read and learned the law in law school does not mean one resigns to the prospect of arguing in court with black and white robes, even if one does not want to.


One of the less conventional careers in law is teaching and research. Part of the reason stems from the fact that students do not have a very bright picture of teaching and research prospects in India. They have seen and read about the lucrative pay packages and perks that a corporate law firm job has to offer. Alternately, many see litigation as the obvious path once their law degree is done, because, well, that’s what law graduates do, right? But this is no longer the case, and people should wake up and smell the coffee.

The first condition before considering a career in teaching is that the person should be genuinely interested in teaching as it requires a big commitment towards the institution and the students. Furthermore, the returns are not immediate, unlike a law firm job. This, therefore, calls for steely resolve and passion for the profession. In these terms, litigation is quite similar, because the progression in both these is usually gradual.

The next step is the eligibility to teach. Where one starts depends on the qualifications held by the candidate. If one has only completed a Bachelor’s degree but not the National Eligibility Test (NET), then one could be placed as a Research Assistant/Research Associate with a particular Professor. Alternately, some colleges have the option of appointing one as an Assistant Professor even without having qualified NET, and one is expected to take and clear the examination within a stipulated period. On the other hand, if one has already cleared the NET, one is more likely to be offered the position of an Assistant Professor. However, this condition is changing and soon, the compulsory requirement of NET is likely to be removed. Instead, a Ph.D. (doctorate) will be sought. In any case, once a candidate completes his/her Ph.D., the colleges/universities a candidate may apply to and be considered for a teaching position increase manifold, and the chances of success are more.

At the beginning of one’s teaching career, one should be prepared to teach whatever subjects may be handed to him/her. It is usually after a couple of years that one may start to specialize or focus on one/two papers of his/her choice. Also, one must remember that aside from teaching, one will be expected to handle some administrative work as well.

As regards the remuneration it would be wrong to say that it is much lesser than what one might get in a law firm. It is more apt to say that the remuneration and perks depending on the institution one is affiliated with. Many of the private colleges in India offer salaries that compete with some of the big and mid-size law firms. One may be allotted accommodation on-campus. One gets a chance to go to conferences in different cities and countries, network, and meet academics from the world over. There are also faculty exchange programs and one gets to teach and research in different places and learn from students there as well.

One more way to increase one’s credentials as a teacher and academic is to undertake research and write and publish papers. This also helps rejuvenate one’s knowledge as well as disseminate new ideas to others.

All in all, teaching can be looked at as a viable option.

Work as a legal aid volunteer/lawyer for government agencies

The law is a potent weapon and can help resolve disputes as well as bring about a positive change in the world when the big picture is looked at. Several modern wave movements such as the fight for preservation and conservation of the environment or women’s rights were strengthened because of the law or the fight for a law to curb the injustice that was being perpetrated. These movements and changes on a day-to-day basis are brought about by organizations and people working on petitions, letters, and PILs to bring forth issues and plausible solutions at appropriate fora like the courts and the authorities.

Law graduates have the option of getting involved with such organizations to contribute to a cause they are passionate about. Many organizations such as the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and UNICEF employ legal advisors or require inputs from a legal perspective. The positives are the inherent job satisfaction, being associated with a reputed organization, and the experience one acquires. On the other hand, there is a possibility that one may not get salaries and perks equivalent to the conventional jobs. Also, a disclaimer is that when one steps in to work with such organizations, one should not be prejudiced with the idea of bringing in a grand change in a day. There will be several days when one is simply required to work on that one document over and over again, and one might not feel like a hero saving the day, but that is how change works. All good things come to those who wait.

Many government organizations also need lawyers. For instance, the Tele-Law Services initiative started by the Indian government requires the services of able lawyers willing to devote time and work to address grievances of vulnerable groups and other categories of citizens on nominal charges. It is a good idea to associate with these initiatives, even if one is otherwise engaged in another job. Doing pro bono work is a great opportunity for lawyers.


The bottom line is that there is no bottom line when it comes to choosing a career after law school. The traditional options are, of course, there. Besides these, new ones have emerged and are, even as we speak, emerging and growing, so that there will be no dearth of fields when one graduates.

Law as a Career: What does graduating from a law school means?

Graduating from a law school opens up several doors as far as career opportunities are concerned. Some among them are court litigation, law firms, judiciary, in-house counsels, academia, etc. Each of them has its pros and cons in terms of financial security, work-life balance, and the nature of work.

While showcasing the practice of law, Indian media (including film, series, and news) typically focuses only on two major career paths: court litigation, and judiciary. Resultantly, law aspirants are often entirely unaware of other career paths. We decided, therefore, to write something about these career paths. This piece will focus on law firms.

1. What are law firms and how to get a job there?

Legally, law firms are partnerships comprising lawyers (called Partners) that keep on retainership many advocates (called Associates) and employ support staff. In simpler terms, they are an organized group of lawyers and support staff that often recruit students straight out of law school (and subsequently at various levels of seniority).

There are broadly two kinds of law firms: full-service firms, and boutique firms. The latter offers its services only about niche, specific areas of law, while the former provides a comprehensive list of services internally without relying much on external sources. Firms can be focused on litigation, dispute resolution, corporate/ transactional work, or more than one of them. Big law firms typically have multiple offices across the country and engage 100-400 lawyers across offices.

We have already discussed earlier in this post how a student can get engaged by some of these law firms.

2. Life at a law firm

As alluded to earlier, the law firm life is drastically different from the kind of things we see on television, in films, and read in newspapers. Law firm lawyers do not sit outside courts, waiting for clients. They work in big offices in major commercial areas in metro cities.

A. Structure of a Law Firm

Law firms are typically divided into teams. The teams are headed by Partners, in whose supervision Associates work. Associates, too, have a hierarchy of their own – Principal/ Managing Associate, Senior Associate, Associate (in decreasing order of seniority). Each team focuses on a particular area of law (such as dispute resolution, direct tax law, indirect tax law, intellectual property, project finance, “general corporate”, mergers and acquisitions, banking and finance, environmental law, dispute resolution, labor law, criminal law, etc.), and teams often collaborate with other teams in the firm on large matters that involve various areas of law.

B. Nature of work

The work at law firms largely involves one or more of advising clients, drafting and negotiating contracts, litigation, briefing senior counsels for litigation, and dispute resolution in courts, arbitration, and mediation. These lawyers are expected to be proficient in contract law, corporate law, civil procedure, drafting, and any other area of law in which the firm/ the relevant team in the firm works. Law firms are involved in all of the big commercial transactions that are taking place in the country. (see, for instance, posts like this, this, and this)

C. Conditions of Work

Hours of work are typically long. Most law firm lawyers work around 60-80 hours a week, if not more. Unless someone is working in dispute resolution or litigation-related matters, the work-life is mostly limited to desk-work: reading, and editing documents on the desk either in hard or soft copy. Since the remuneration in most big firms is quite rewarding (to the tune of 8-20 lakhs per annum, depending on the size and nature of the firm), the expectations at work are commensurately higher. In other words, while the work-life balance may not be optimal, a lot of law firm lawyers believe that the nature of work and the money more than makeup for it.

D. Concluding Remarks

You’ll find that being at the forefront of huge transactions, representing big clients in various industries, and providing them legal solutions for their transactions and problems is extremely satisfying for many lawyers in law firms! Sure, the hours are long, and getting in is not a cakewalk, but the sheer magnitude of the satisfaction that one can derive from such work is immense.

At CLAT Possible, we not only organize webinars or sessions with people working in various fields of law, including law firms, but we also have two working full-time who have worked in law firms. We try to expose our students to as many different viewpoints as possible so that they make an educated decision about a career in law.

LAW Schools Placements and Beyond

The aspiration to study in a law school is triggered by a myriad of motivations. For some, it is an opportunity for exposure to a hitherto unknown field of study; for some, it is a well-planned journey to a fixed destination; and for some, it is a means to an end. Whatever be one’s motivation, the time spent in a law school affords one ample opportunity to turn one’s aspiration into reality. The aspiration may get modified, re-imagined, or even replaced along the way: but it is important to remember that these are the effects of an institution that are, more often than not, necessary.

The recruitment process of a law school is not very standard and is very institution-dependent. However, that is merely a concerning procedure. The kinds of opportunities available to a graduating law school student are more or less the same, across colleges. The question is: how motivated are you to translate that opportunity into a tangible achievement? The advantage of being in a “better-ranked” law school is that it eases your journey, in terms of the resources at your disposal.

Having said that, let’s briefly touch upon what we mean by “placements” in a law school and what transpires after that.

The recruitment process in a law school usually begins in the fourth year. Until then, one is expected to have worked as an intern at various organizations which include Chambers of Senior Advocates (Supreme Court or High Courts), offices of Advocates-on-Record, Law Firms, Corporate Offices, and Non-Government Organizations, among many others. The work experience, over some time, at any of the above-mentioned places tends to have a bearing on one’s chances of recruitment. The recruitments are handled by a “recruitment coordination committee”/ “placement committee” (the names may vary) which is either a completely student-run body or sometimes has a representative from the college administration.

The modes of recruitment are, broadly speaking, of the following types:

1. ‘Day Zero’

This is the most popular and sought-after mode of recruitment. The reason for its name is that it happens at the end of the fourth year, just before the final year of law school. And the reason for its popularity is that the biggest law firms in the country (which are typically the highest payers) come down to law schools for selecting prospective associates. The law firms usually draw a shortlist from the list of students who submit their names for consideration. This is followed by a personal interview and/or a group discussion. At times, there is also an on-the-spot assignment (in the form of a case study). Based on an assessment of the student’s performance in these rounds, the interviewers make their selection and inform the recruitment committee which informs the selected candidates once the entire process has been completed.

The law firms which usually come down to law schools for ‘day zero’ are the following: Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas, Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas, AZB & Partners, Khaitan & Co., Trilegal, J. Sagar Associates, and Luthra & Luthra Partners. These are considered to be the ‘Big Seven’, due to their size and pay packages. The average salary offered by these offices ranges between 12 and 15 lakhs per annum.

2. Pre-Placement Offers (“PPO”)

In addition to being recruited through the Day Zero process, PPOs are another mode preferred by the students. Going by their name, PPOs are made to the students even before the Day Zero process begins. These are offers made to students who have interned at a particular office. Based on the performance of a student in one of her internships, the student is interviewed by the requisite office and if successful, is offered a position in the office. This process takes place a few months before Day Zero.
The law firms which come down to campus for Day Zero also offer positions through the PPO process. In addition to the ones mentioned above, law firms such as S & R Associates, Talwar Thakore & Associates, and Wadia & Ghandy Associates also make PPOs. However, the number of offers made through a PPO process is usually fewer than that at Day Zero. In addition to law firms, there are other organizations also where a student might have interned, that offer positions in this manner.

3. Throughout the final year

Once the final year of law school starts, more law firms, companies, and corporate organizations come to campus to select students for various positions. These organizations include public sector undertakings, government organizations, regulatory authorities, etc. Their manner of recruitment also comprises a shortlist process, followed by a personal interview and/or a group discussion. It might also consist of an on-the-spot assignment.

To name a few organizations which fall under this head: ICICI Bank, Deutsche Bank, Securities & Exchange Board of India, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, National Thermal Power Corporation, and Star India.

4. Overseas Placements

This avenue presents an attractive (and lucrative!) opportunity to law school students. However, the process for this is slightly longer than a regular job interview. Foreign law firms are the typical employers in this category and usually comprise Herbert Smith Freehills, Linklaters, and Allen & Overy. They accept applications from students with a consistently good academic record. Based on their shortlist, they conduct personal interviews followed by a legal assignment. If selected, the student is offered a vacation scheme which is like an internship at the law firm’s overseas office. This internship is like an assessment, at the end of which one is offered a training contract. It is the training contract that is more like a job offer.

The average salary offered by these foreign law firms ranges between 25 and 28 lakhs (converted in INR) per annum.

The pointers above describe the placement process for firms, companies, and government or non-government authorities. In addition to these, there are various other methods preferred by students which are dependent on their motives, for which there might not be a standard procedure. For example, to build a career in litigation, one student might start an independent practice by herself while another might join as a junior with a practicing advocate. Another might apply for a clerkship under a judge of the Supreme Court. The point is, that there are various routes available for arriving at the same destination.

Life beyond placements starts on a sweet note. Of course, there’s the attraction of remuneration, and a million ways one imagines spending it. But the sense of independence in managing one’s own life accompanied with the responsibility and accountability for one’s work is nothing short of a new chapter in one’s life. There are times when the chapter runs into pages but remember that you can always take a step back, pause and place a bookmark there: just remember to start from where you left.


Are you a science student in search of a rewarding career path? Are you a person:

1. who did well in Class X and enrolled in the scientific stream as a natural choice? Because the
majority of your friends in a comparable percentage range chose science, you followed suit. ‘Why
science?’ was probably not a question that worried you at the time.

2. Have never been excited about traditional professional alternatives such as medicine or engineering,
but are unsure what to do after Class XII? Pure science graduation is almost always a no-no for you.

3. Who wishes to follow your heart and do something that would provide you with enormous job pleasure
over 25-30 years of active work life while maintaining a good lifestyle and social status?

If you fall into one of the categories listed above, the law is a career option you should seriously explore. The two most critical elements for success in any career route are “aptitude” and “attitude.” Here are some statistics to help you decide if the law is the right career for you.

It is common knowledge that a legal career is no longer restricted to litigation. Increased corporate complexity, as a result of liberalization, has opened up a plethora of fascinating job opportunities for law graduates, including legal consulting, specialized sectors such as taxation, intellectual property, mergers and acquisitions, and so on. Legal journalism, legal process outsourcing, and the judiciary are among the non-traditional solutions that are gaining traction in the legal community. Does it pique your interest?

Established lawyers are rising in social stature and enjoying a better quality of life. They follow a simple motto: ‘Do what you WANT, not what you CAN.’ As a result, people have mostly chosen this occupation rather than being forced into it. Does it strike you as motivational?

Let’s take a look at what successful lawyers have in common:

1. They’re voracious readers.

2. They have a high level of logical reasoning.

3. They pay close attention to the smallest of details.

4. Their communication abilities are excellent.

Academically strong kids, on the whole, have good reading skills. Their inherent strength is logical reasoning. Communication skills and attention to detail are primarily innate qualities that can be honed with deliberate effort. It’s no surprise that science students account for about 40% of students in top NLUs. Do you have what it takes?

The Common Law Admission Test, or CLAT, is a stepping stone to some of the most prestigious National Law Universities, which provide five-year integrated law programs. CLAT does not require any prior subject knowledge of any stream chosen after Class X because it is an aptitude examination. Science students are thought to have a high aptitude level and are thus as good rivals for CLAT preparation as any other stream.

Finally, you want to be acknowledged as a successful lawyer and alumnus of a prominent law school a few years down the road to building your reputation. It won’t make a difference if you studied humanities, commerce, or science for two years after Class X.

How to Prepare for Aptitude Test

Almost all of us have written a test at some point in our lives. However, an aptitude test examines a candidate quite differently than the average school test. Aptitude tests are used by colleges to grant admission, by corporates to grant jobs and in general to test a candidate’s efficiency at problem-solving, prioritization, and numerical skills amongst other capabilities. If an aptitude test is that essential, it begs the question, how do we prepare for it?
To begin with your aptitude test preparation, there are some salient features to every aptitude test preparation that can guarantee a good score.

Know your test

Each aptitude test is framed differently to test for certain skill sets. Therefore, it becomes quintessential that a candidate is familiar with the pattern of the test, the subjects or areas that are tested, and the time limit amongst other intricate nuances. Candidates should be aware of the test has negative markings for wrong answers or if there are optional questions, what are the nominal cutoff marks required to pass the test. Having a clear idea of these parameters would ensure that there are no surprises that the candidate might face on the day of the test. Moreover, it would additionally ensure that the preparation for the test is done accordingly with a focused approach.
Practice mock tests
Now that the pattern of the test is clear, the candidate must have a comfortable grip over attempting said pattern. For that, a candidate needs to take mock tests or test papers that have been asked previously by the test-taking authority. Taking the mock test and then analyzing the test allows the candidate to look at their performance with an analytical mindset. This ensures that the candidate understands the level of difficulty, what topics are tested more frequently, what kind of speed is required to finish the test, and which questions to attempt first. Furthermore, this practice develops a sense of confidence in the candidate and when the time comes to take the real test, the attempt is devoid of any nervous jitters or shocks.

Read the test paper carefully

Even while attempting mock tests, the candidate must make it a habit to take a few minutes at the start of the time to go through the entire test paper and read the questions carefully. All test papers cannot be similar and might have some adjustments or changes that might change the way it has to be attempted. Reading the paper before solving it helps the candidate in making a plan as to how the paper should be attempted, which questions to complete first, which questions to avoid or leave for later, and how much time to be devoted to a particular section. Candidates that have followed this practice have reported better scores than their peers.

Focus on time management

Time management in an aptitude test is as important as preparing for the topics that are tested, maybe even more important. You might know the answer to every question on the test paper but if you have not managed your time judicially, you will lose more to a candidate with lesser preparation but better time management. A candidate must set a time limit for each section according to the level of difficulty and their own strong and weak spots. The same can be achieved by practicing mock tests. It is also recommended that the candidate changes the way they attempt the test in different mocks to find the perfect way to attempt it for themselves. It can include devoting more time to a certain section or attempting that section at a specific point during the test. The perfect approach is different for every candidate and only practice can help them find it.
Identify your weak spots
When a candidate is preparing for a test by solving questions and taking mocks, they are bound to find that they are not consistently good for every topic. They might be the Mozart of grammar but have a weak foot when it comes to vocabulary. It can be the same case with two or more subjects. The candidate needs to practice as much as they can to identify these weak spots and then actively work towards building prowess.

Find a good mentor or support

Preparing for a test is a high-pressure activity that can go on for months. It is not expected that the candidate will bear all of it themselves with no external help or support system. A good mentorship program like tutorship or coaching institute will help the candidate with all the aforementioned grounds. A mentor would help you identify your weak spots, the institute would help provide mock tests based on the latest pattern of the aptitude test, it will provide you with time management techniques and models, and of course, teach all the topics that are a part of the test’s syllabus. Moreover, good mentorship also helps the candidate in relieving stress and providing moral support which is as significant as academic preparation.
Lastly, it is salient that the candidate remembers that an aptitude test is supposed to be general and at the end of the day, it tests the candidate’s aptitude. Therefore, it does not require the preparation of a vast syllabus and endless hours but rather a focused and determined approach to acquiring a skill set. It is assumed that if a candidate imbibes the above-mentioned pointers and applies them to their preparation, there is bound to be a crucial increase in their scores, taking them a step closer to success. Best of luck!


CLAT Preparation, or any test preparation for that matter, can be broken down into 4 phases. Depending on the time available and your strengths and weaknesses, the duration could vary. Yet, the broad phases remain the same. These phases are Discovering, Foundation-building, Rehearsing, and Peaking.

The first phase is DISCOVERY. During this phase, you do a lot of research on Law as a career option, your aptitude and interest, and the CLAT test structure per se. Most of you will visit websites, ask Google, visit some Clat Coaching institutes and ask friends or seniors. Some of you may also try a Diagnostic Test to figure out where you stand in each subject area. A few also try to speak with practicing lawyers to get a feel of the profession.

This is followed by a very elaborate phase of BUILDING THE FOUNDATION. Though you would have covered most of the subject areas and content in your school years, you will quickly realize that this phase is quite different! While the schooling process emphasized the process of solving the questions, the focus now is on getting the answer quickly. This is usually achieved by revisiting and strengthening the core concepts from multiple viewpoints. Arriving at the answer using multiple strategies is very critical.

As you approach the CLAT Exam Date, you would have already got good practice in theory by reading books, and notes and attending classes. This has prepared you well by giving a solid groundwork for the next phase, which we call as REHEARSAL phase. Just as an actor prepares by going through the lines many times before the actual stage performance, you must prepare well for the D-Day. Simulating the real test by giving Mock CLAT tests in a similar environment is critical. However, it is even more important to analyze your performance critically. As a ground rule, you should be spending about 2-3 times the time analyzing a test than writing it.

Past years’ CLAT papers are readily available and you must make a schedule for writing as many of them as possible. CLAT papers tend to repeat question formats and you will identify the popular ones while attempting them.

The final phase is of getting into a mental model of readying for the final performance. While the previous three phases are important, this final phase of PEAKING at the right time involves a lot of non-academic preparation as well. If you burn out early, you need to slow down in the final days. Some of the strategies that you should follow are similar to an athlete preparing for a marathon event. A few days before the race, you take strategic breaks and divert your pressured brain into relaxing things like a comedy movie or an outing with friends. You must also get more than enough sleep during the final lap.
We will discuss more of these phases as we go. But if you are already in the REHEARSAL phase for the upcoming Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), you must switch to going through the past years’ papers. Get in touch with your mentors and they might be able to help you get the most out of your time.
All the best with your preparation!